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Fertility & Infertility

Austin Area Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Fertility
Fertility & Infertility in Austin, TX


Fertility problems can be caused by many issues, and getting a proper diagnosis is the key to effective treatment and successful conception. Austin Area Ob-Gyn & Fertility, in Texas, uses advanced diagnostic and treatment techniques aimed at helping couples overcome fertility problems so they can start or add to their family.

Fertility & Infertility Q & A

What causes infertility?

Infertility occurs in men as well as women, and several factors may be causing infertility. In men, fertility problems usually arise as a result of problems with the structure or motility (movement) of the sperm or in the concentration or number of sperm present. Problems with ejaculation or genetic issues can also cause fertility issues in men. In women, the most common causes of infertility include:

  • decrease in normal hormone production associated with older age
  • other causes of low hormone levels, including polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  • endometriosis, a condition where the uterine lining forms outside the uterus
  • fibroids, adhesions or polyps
  • problems with ovulation or with the ovaries themselves
  • abnormalities in the structure or the uterus or the uterine lining
  • excessive production of mucus or other substances that can be toxic to sperm or make sperm motion difficult
  • genetic disorders or other diseases
  • cancer treatment

How is the cause of infertility determined?

Today, there are many tests that can be performed to determine the underlying cause of fertility problems so the most appropriate treatment can be recommended. Blood testing, sperm sampling, pelvic exams, ultrasound and other diagnostic imaging and evaluations all may be used depending on the symptoms of infertility, and other exams may be performed to look inside the uterus to evaluate the uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes (structures that enable the eggs to travel from the ovaries to the uterus).

What treatments are available for infertility?

The treatment that's used will depend on the underlying cause of infertility. For instance, hormone replacement therapy can play an important role in treating issues caused by low or fluctuating hormones or irregular ovulation, while structural issues affecting the uterus or fallopian tubes may require surgery. Fibroids may be treated surgically or with medication in some cases. Others may benefit from treatments like in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intrauterine insemination (IUI). Each treatment will be carefully designed to suit the individual patient's needs to help maximize the chances of successful conception.

*Individual Results May Vary

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