Urinary incontinence can have several causes, but in most cases, it develops as a result of pelvic floor muscle weakness which can develop as a result of an injury, weight gain, hormonal changes, nerve or muscle issues, or even age. Vaginal birth and some types of gynecological surgery may also weaken pelvic floor muscles over time. There are three primary types of urinary incontinence:
Different diagnostic methods are used to determine the type of incontinence that's present so treatment can be optimized based on each patient's unique needs and symptoms.
Pelvic floor therapy is a type of physical therapy or exercise program that focuses on the pelvic floor, including the muscles and connective tissues that help hold the pelvic organs (including the bladder, vagina, uterus, and rectum) in place. When these muscles weaken or become damaged, urinary incontinence can occur and other problems like pelvic organ prolapse can occur. Pelvic floor therapy begins with an examination and assessment to determine the existing strength of the pelvic floor muscles and to decide which exercises will be most beneficial in achieving results. Patients are taught how to identify and focus on their pelvic floor muscles so exercises are more effective. Most pelvic floor exercises can be completed at home, with routine assessments in the office to evaluate progress and fine-tune the exercise program. Exercises focus on flexing and relaxing pelvic floor muscles so strength and tone can be restored.
The best way to determine if pelvic floor therapy is a good choice is to have a routine assessment to evaluate the strength of the muscles and other issues that may have a bearing on incontinence issues.
*Individual Results May Vary