Gynecology comprises many types of surgeries for a wide array of issues, including hysterectomy (removal of the uterus), oophorectomy (removal of the ovaries), surgery to correct anatomical defects or treat ectopic pregnancy or endometriosis, and surgery to treat fibroids and adhesions. Many surgeries can be completed using very small incisions combined with special instruments designed to perform minimally-invasive surgeries in the pelvic region. These surgeries are sometimes referred to as laparoscopic surgeries. Some surgeries may be able to be performed through the vagina without the need for any external incisions. Minimally-invasive surgeries typically are associated with less discomfort and faster healing time as well as fewer risks.
Hysterectomies are often performed using minimally-invasive techniques to remove all of the uterus or just part of it, leaving the cervix intact. Some procedures may require a larger incision, such as when uterine or cervical cancer is present. Hysterectomy is performed under general anesthesia and may be combined with oophorectomy, a special procedure used to remove the ovaries.
Not necessarily. Some very small fibroids may cause few or no symptoms and may not need to be removed. Large fibroids may cause abnormal bleeding or interfere with pregnancy, in which case removal may be recommended.
Endometrial ablation is a minimally-invasive procedure used to treat the uterine lining in women who have very heavy periods (a condition called menorrhagia). Menorrhagia is a common side effect of menopause, resulting in extremely heavy bleeding that can interfere with normal routines and daily activities, including sleep. Endometrial ablation can be performed using different techniques. Following the procedure, women may resume normal periods or periods may stop entirely, depending on how much of the lining is removed, how close the patient is to menopause and other factors. Endometrial ablation should only be considered in women who do not plan to have children in the future. The procedure can be performed on an outpatient basis.
*Individual Results May Vary